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Saturday, 27 February 2016

Surface hardening

Surface hardening, treatment of steel by heat or mechanical means to increase the hardness of the outer surface while the core remains relatively soft. The combination of a hard surface and a soft interior is greatly valued in modern engineering because it can withstand very high stress and fatigue, a property that is required in such items as gears and anti-friction bearings. Surface-hardened steel is also valued for its low cost and superior flexibility in manufacturing.

The various methods of surface hardening are:
  1. Case hardening
  2. Nitriding
  3. Cyaniding
  4. Flame hardening
  5. Induction hardening.
          Mechanical means of hardening the surface of steel parts include peening, which is the hammering of the heated surface, as by iron pellets shot onto the surface or by air blasting, and cold-working, which consists of rolling, hammering, or drawing at temperatures that do not affect the composition of the steel.

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